Written by: Nancy Abdo and Nancy Murinka, A. A. Gates Elementary School, Port Byron, NY, July 2000 with assistance from: David Lewis and Stacy Ward, Manager State Wide Programs
New York State Historical Association and Patrick Peterson, Director Holland Patent Teaching and Learning Center
Early nineteenth-century farmers raised cows to produce milk for their families to drink. Farm families turned extra milk into cheese and butter because it could not be kept
without spoiling. Farmers sold their extra cheese and butter to their neighbors or brought it to the local general store to sell or trade.
New technology made it possible to make greater amounts of cheese and butter. Soon cheese and butter were being made at factories called creameries. Now farmers could sell these
products to people all over New York State.
Using information from the documents, answer the questions that follow each document